Durga Puja 2023: When is Durga Puja? Know the dates, puja timings, complete 5-day calendar and everything you need to know

Durga Puja 2023: When is Durga Puja? Know the dates, puja timings, complete 5-day calendar and everything you need to know

Durga Puja 2023

Durga Puja 2023 This festival celebrates the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. Although it is a 10-day festival, the last five days are considered the most important. Apart from Goddess Durga, deities Saraswati, Lakshmi, Ganesha and Kartik are also worshipped.

Durga Puja is just around the corner. Here’s all you need to know about the festival dates, puja timings, five-day calendar and more.

The auspicious Hindu festival of Durga Puja, also known as Durgotsav, is just around the corner. It symbolizes the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon king Mahishasura – which is why the goddess is also known as Mahishasura Mardini. Devotees of Maa Durga eagerly wait for the arrival of the five-day festival. Although the festival is celebrated on a large scale in West Bengal, Durga Puja is celebrated with equal pomp and show in other states like Assam, Odisha, Bihar, Tripura and Jharkhand.

Five days are celebrated as Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Mahanavami and Vijayadashami. The festivities begin a week before with Mahalaya, Which symbolizes the arrival of Goddess Durga to earth from Mount Kailash with her divine powers. On this day the sculptors simply make the eyes of Goddess Durga, fill them with colors and also perform a special puja before that.

If you and your loved ones celebrate Durga Puja, here’s all you need to know about the festival date, puja timings, five-day calendar and more.

When is Durga Puja 2023?

This year, Durga Puja festivities will begin with Mahalaya, which falls on October 14. Meanwhile, the five-day festivities will begin about a week later, on October 20, and end on October 24.

Durga Puja 2022 Calendar:

Mahalaya – 14 October, Saturday

Maha Shashthi – 20 October, Friday

Maha Saptami – 21 October, Saturday

Maha Ashtami – 22 October, Sunday

Mahanavami – 23 October, Monday

Durga Ashtami/Vijayadashami – 24 October, Tuesday

Durga Puja time and auspicious time:

According to Drik Panchang, Shashthi Tithi Shubh Muhurat will start at 12:31 PM on October 20 and end at 11:24 PM on October 20. Meanwhile, Saptami Tithi will start at 11:24 pm on October 20 and end at 9:53 pm on October 21.

Maha Ashtami or Durga Ashtami Tithi will start on October 21 at 9:53 PM and end on October 22 at 7:58 PM. Sandhi (Sodhi) puja muhurat will start from 7:34 pm on 22nd October and will last till 8:22 pm. Finally, Mahanavami Tithi Shubh Muhurat will be from October 22, 7:58 PM to October 23, 5:44 PM. Afternoon.

According to Drik Panchang, the auspicious time for Durga Visarjan will be from 6:27 am to 8:42 am on October 24. Meanwhile, Dashami tithi will start at 5:44 pm on October 23 and end at 3:14 pm on October 24. Shravan Nakshatra will start at 6:44 PM on October 22 and end at 5:14 PM on October 23.

Durga Puja Festival Celebration

Goddess Durga was created so that she could fight the demon Mahishasura. Mahishasura was given a boon by Lord Brahma that he could not be defeated by any god or human due to which he had to torment many gods of heaven. When these gods approached Lord Brahma to save them from the tyranny of Mahishasura, the creator of the world agreed to help and thus Goddess Durga was born to fight the demon. When Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva approached the goddess Gave his supreme powers to.

A battle took place between the demon and Goddess Durga, where the demon even changed his form into a buffalo to gain the upper hand. The battle lasted for 10 days after which the goddess finally succeeded in conquering Mahishasura when she cut off the head of the buffalo and killed the demon as soon as he emerged. Durga Puja is celebrated to commemorate the 10-day long battle, where the last day is known as Vijayadashami and celebrates the victory of good over evil.

Importance of Durga Puja

According to Hindu mythology, this festival marks the visit of Goddess Durga to her birthplace with her children. Durga Puja is preceded by Mahalaya, which marks the beginning of Durga’s journey to her home. The actual puja begins on “Maha Shashthi” or the sixth day where devotees welcome the goddess with pomp and enthusiasm. On this day, the idol of Durga is unveiled before the public. Many rituals are performed while the “Dhakis” keep the mood and spirit of the puja alive by playing the “Dhak” – a type of drum associated with puja and Bengali culture.

The 7th day marks the beginning of “Maha Saptami”. On this day, just before sunrise, the banana tree is immersed in water as a part of the ritual. After the ceremonial bath, the tree or “Kola Bau” (as it is called in Bengali) is wrapped in a sari, usually with a red border, And is placed on the right side of Ganesha, which shows that “Kola Bau” is actually Ganesha’s bride. However, many cultural revisionists and historians have different views on this as some believe that “Kola Bau” is another representation of Durga. Therefore, they refute the theory that “Kola Bau” is the bride of Ganesha.

Another different view is that “Kola Bau” is a symbolic representation of nine types of plants that form a sacred complex. The priest ties a bunch of eight plants on the trunk of the banyan tree before performing the ritual. Nine separate leaves together form the “Kola Bau” – often considered the plant form of Durga.

“Maha Ashtami” marks the 8th day of the puja and is considered to be the day when the Goddess defeated “Mahishasura”. Prayers are offered in the form of “Anjali” while feasts are organized in various localities. Khichdi and other dishes are prepared on this day.

The 9th day is called “Maha Navami”. As soon as “Sandhi Puja” ends, Mahanavami begins. Maha Aarti is performed as the concluding ritual. Large queues are common on this day as people come to participate in the “Maha Aarti”.

The 10th day or “Maha Dashami” marks the last day of Durga Puja. On this day Maa Durga and other deities are immersed in the river Ganga. Before immersion, married women participate in “Sindoor Khela” where they apply vermillion on each other’s faces. On the day of immersion, also known as “Visarjan”, Huge processions are common. People dance and cheer on the street to celebrate the spirit of puja. After immersion, a specific tradition is followed where people visit their relatives’ houses to wish them a happy “Bijoy Dashami”.

How is Durga Puja celebrated?

Schools, colleges and government offices remain closed during the puja. Immediately after Mahalaya, people start shopping for puja. During this time of year, most stores offer discounts on clothing and other products. On “Maha Ashtami” men usually wear kurta pajama while women wear saree.

Cultural programs are organized in different localities while puja organizers compete against each other through theme-based puja pandals. The beauty of Durga Puja is that every pandal has a story to tell through its art and decorations. People stand in queues to enter the pandal so that they can enjoy the magnificent artwork and decorations.

Food stalls are set up in every nook and corner while restaurants prepare special Durga Puja dishes. The streets are decorated with various lights to capture the festive mood. More policemen than usual have been deployed to keep the traffic under control.

Durga Puja is the biggest festival for the Bengali community. Apart from the festivities, the festival also calls for family get-togethers. It is a time when people put aside their differences and come together to celebrate unity. To be precise, Durga Puja transcends the boundaries of religion and celebrates the spirit of humanity.

Festive traditions and activities

Many exciting festive activities are organized on the eve of the festival of Durga Puja. Some of these are:

Establishment of Pandals: Pandal is the place where the idol of Goddess Durga is kept. All rituals and prayers take place inside the pandal. Before the beginning of the puja, grand pandals are made. The architecture of the world’s most famous buildings has been replicated. New designs have also been introduced.

Street Food Stalls: Along with the pandals, many food stalls are set up, selling a variety of street food ranging from golgappas to bajjis and samosas.

Shopping: As per tradition, in some states like West Bengal, people wear new clothes every day.

History of Durga Puja

The first Durga Puja festival in Bengal was celebrated in the late 1500s when the zamindars and zamindars of Malda and Dinajpur in Bengal organized Durga Puja for the first time.

Durga Puja is celebrated in every community in different cities of Bengal. However, the first community celebration took place in 1790, when 12 friends of Guptipara in Hooghly, West Bengal, decided to organize a puja called ‘Baro-Yari’ puja, or ‘Twelve-pal’ puja’ in their community due to the contribution Had worked together. , by other residents.

However, the first Baro-Yari puja was celebrated in Kolkata in 1832 by Raja Harinath of Cossimbazar, who before him used to perform the puja at his ancestral home in Murshidabad between 1824 and 1831.

The British also practiced Durga Puja during their time in India and first organized it in 1765 as a means of appeasing their Hindu subjects after their capture of Diwani of Bengal. It is also reported that the Auditor General of the East India Company, John Chipps, also performed Durga Puja at his office in Birbhum. It is believed that this practice of the British participating in Durga Puja celebrations continued till 1840.

The first Durga Puja celebration took place in 1910, when Delhi became the capital of British India. Even today, Durga Puja celebrations take place in Delhi with the same enthusiasm as can be seen on the streets of Kolkata or any district of Bengal.

Idol and Pandal are two important components of Durga Puja celebration. The idol of Durga known as Pratima along with her four children – Ganesha, Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kartikeya are made using clay and placed in beautiful temporary canopies known as pandals.

Durga Puja is no less than a spectacle that can be enjoyed by people from all walks of life and is a reminder of the times when this festival brings everyone together.

Detailed information about Durga Puja Festival

Durga Puja is one of the most grandly celebrated festivals in the country, with celebrations lasting for more than a week. Every day has its own special meaning and different activities are done every day. Some of these are:

Maha Shashthi: According to mythology, Maha Shashthi is known as the day when Goddess Durga descended on earth with her 4 children: Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Lord Kartikeya. On the eve of Maha Shashthi, the face of the idol of Goddess Durga is unveiled. The rituals performed on this day are ‘Amontron’, ‘Bodhon’ and ‘Adhibash’. Drums known as ‘Dhak’ are played everywhere to signal the arrival of Goddess Durga.

Maha Saptami: On the eve of Maha Saptami, Maha Puja is performed. Just before sunrise, a banana tree is dipped in holy water and then covered with a new saree like a newly married woman. This ritual is known as ‘Kola Bau’ or ‘Nabapatrika’. The banana tree is kept along with the idol of Goddess Durga. Nine plants are also kept which represent the 9 forms of Goddess Durga.

Maha Ashtami: According to mythology, Maha Ashtami is considered to be the day when Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura, also known as the ‘Buffalo Devil’. In the olden days, a buffalo was sacrificed to mark the occasion. Bhajans are sung in Sanskrit and people offer prayers. The prayers are known as ‘Anjali’. Girls as young as 9 years of age are represented and worshiped as Goddess Durga. This ritual is known as ‘Kumari Puja’. After this ‘Sandhi Puja’ is performed.

Mahanavami: After ‘Sandhi Puja’ ends, Mahanavami begins. ‘Maha Aarti’ is performed on the eve of ‘Maha Navami’. After this, entertaining activities are organized after which ‘Bhog’ is served to everyone.Mahadashami: On the eve of Mahadashami, the idol of Goddess Durga is immersed in the sacred waters of river Ganga. Before immersion, a procession is taken out by the worshipers on trucks accompanied by the beating of drums, accompanied by singing and dancing. During the procession, married women throw vermillion on each other. In the evening people visit each other’s houses and wish ‘Vijay Dashami’. Special food dishes are also prepared.

Celebration of Durga Puja in various Indian states

Different states of the country celebrate Durga Puja in their own way. Some of these are:

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar: Durga Puja celebrations in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are very similar as local people of both the states organize feeding of little girls on the last day of the festival. The book ‘Durga Saptashati’ is also recited in temples.

West Bengal and Assam: Grand pandals with different themes are set up everywhere in Assam and West Bengal. On the last day of the festival, the idol is immersed in the holy river Ganga.

Gujarat: In Gujarat, the festival of Durga Puja is celebrated as Navratri with the famous dance ‘Garba’ performed by the local people in events organized at night.

Tamil Nadu: During the festival of Tamil Nadu, local people worship Goddesses Durga, Saraswati and Lakshmi. In a tradition that is unique to the state of Tamil Nadu, young local girls display wooden dolls. This ritual is known as Golu.

Punjab: During the 9 days of Durga Puja festival celebrations, ‘Jagrans’ are organized every night. On the eve of Ashtami, young girls aged between 5 to 10 years are given food, gifts and money.

Andhra Pradesh: On the eve of the festival in Andhra Pradesh, as per ritual, married women worship Goddess Gauri and unmarried women pray for the life partner of their choice. Durga Puja in Andhra Pradesh is known as Bathukamma Panduga. For the puja, women make heaps of flowers which are then immersed in the river.

Chhattisgarh: The local people of Chhattisgarh celebrate the festival for a period of 75 days. Bastar, a city in Chhattisgarh, is known for celebrating the festival for over 500 years.

Karnataka: In Karnataka the festival of Durga Puja is known as Dussehra. Mysore is famous for its festival celebrations.

Maharashtra: People in Maharashtra play Garba on the eve of the festival. Completing business deals and purchasing property during the festival of Durga Puja is considered lucky.

Himachal Pradesh: Local people of Himachal Pradesh start celebrating the festival when it is about to end in the rest of the country. Dhalpur ground situated in Kullu valley is famous for its festivals.

Durga Puja is considered one of the major festivals celebrated by the people of this country. Wherever you go, from Himachal in the north to Tamil Nadu in the south, it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement.

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